Indian Musical Instruments

Indian Musical Instruments

India is a land of rich culture and heritage. It is believed that the root of the music in ancient India was found in Vedic literature. Natya Shastra which is one of the old Sanskrit texts of Bharata Muni has classified musical instruments into four categories based on their performance.

The four categories are stringed instruments (Tat Vadya), Sushir Vadya ( wind instruments), Ghan Vadya (idiophones), Avanaddha Vadya (membranophones). The two classical Indian music that are Hindustani and Carnatic uses different musical instruments while performing that suited their style of singing. Vadya refers to instrumental music in Indian music.

Tanpura: Known as the “mother of all instruments”, the tanpura is used to accompany most Indian classical music; it provides the “drone” that you often hear in the background.

Shehnai: The shehnai is an wind instrument which is thought to bring auspiciousness and good luck, and as a result, is widely used in North India for marriages and processions. It brings forth the qualities of a pure Mooladhar chakra. The shehnai was created by improving upon the pungi.

Veena: Veena is a musical string instrument. Considered as an instrument for Gods like Saraswati, Narada, Veena is a very ancient instrument mentioned in Rigveda, Samaveda and other Vedic Literature.

Sarangi: It is one of the oldest and most popular string instruments used in Hindustani classical music. It has a hollow body made up of cedar wood. There are 37 sympathetic strings and 3 gut strings that pass through it.

Tabla: The name “TABLA” seems to have been derived from the Arabian Drum called “TABLA” It is believed that the Sufi Saint Ameer Khusrau had evolved this instrument by dividing the PPAKHAWAJ, an ancient percussion instrument into two pieces. The two parts of the tabla are called Dayan and Bayan. Tabla is played with finger tips and with open palms and it can reproduce all the intricate rhythmic patterns of the voice and instrument. Tabla and pakhwaj are the instruments of the Heart chakra, the Anahata.


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