Salsa music is a popular dance music genre that initially arose in New York City during the 1960s. Salsa is the product of various Cuban musical genres including the Afro-Cuban son montuno, guaracha, cha cha chá, mambo, and Puerto Rican plena and bomba. Salsa is used as a general moniker for various forms of latin dance music like Mambo, Cha cha cha, Pachanga and Son.
Salsa music borrows much from the Cuban music genre of son. The salsa musicians use percussion instruments such as the clave, maracas, conga, bongo, tambora, bato, and cowbell. Other salsa instruments include the vibraphone, marimba, bass, guitar, violin, piano, accordion, and flute, and a brass section of trombone, trumpet, and saxophone. As of late, in modern salsa, electronics are added to the mix.
Salsa has a basic 1-2-3, 1-2 rhythm. The tempo is fast, and the musical energy is exuberant. It is the rhythm, the dance, the musical excitement that sends millions of people to the dance floor.